One of the undoubted signs of youthful skin is its’ uniform color. Now, you might think that the initial signs showing the natural aging process in the skin are expressed by the formation of fine lines and wrinkles but truth is that the uneven pigmentation is the initial factor, predetermining skin aging.
The uneven complexion, the dark spots or patches on our face are not harmless. If these are considered perfectly natural during the summer as a result of sun exposure, then, when autumn comes and they haven’t disappeared on their own, the problem will remain unsolved.
Although the sun is their main cause, there are other reasons for their appearance, such as age, hormonal imbalance, use of inappropriate cosmetics and some medicines, improper treatment of pimples (i.e. skin picking) and more.
On the other hand, pigment spots are divided into three types depending on their stage of development:
Emerging dark spots
They occur following the increased production of melanin. They are not yet visible on the surface of the skin, but they do make the complexion uneven and dull.
Visible dark spots
The excess production and transfer of melanin to the keratinocytes, as well as the delayed cell renewal, lead to the accumulation of melanin in the epidermis and hence to the formation of visible dark spots on the skin surface.
Stubborn dark spots
Melanocytes are deposited in the folds of the dermo-epidermal skin layer. Deep melanin clusters are created that are visible on the skin surface. Dark spots are more numerous, darker and harder to treat and remove.
So, how can microdermabrasion influence the process of melanin production and accumulation?
Microdermabrasion is a skin resurfacing technique, used to improve skin complexion, by deeply exfoliating the uppermost layer of the skin. This means those dark spots that are starting to form can’t be completely eliminated by the procedure, but the visible dark spots and the stubborn dark formation can be erased after a couple of microdermabrasion treatments.
All types of microdermabrasion work by mechanically exfoliating the superficial skin layer, which is formed by the accumulation of dead skin cells, sebum, various contaminants (pollutants, dust, makeup residue).
The next step of the procedure is vacuuming those accumulations, thus, removing particles along with any dirt and dead skin. The vacuum also cleans dirty pores through suctioning tubes and increases blood circulation in the skin. The process is similar to facial massage but with an additional blood circulation boost.
Microdermabrasion technique is the preferred option for the treatment of uneven skin tone as it gives immediate results. Even after the first session, you’ll notice your overall complexion is rejuvenated.
Microdermabrasion benefits include:
- Reduces the appearance of dark spots, freckles, pigment marks
- Makes pigment patches caused by sun exposure less visible after the initial treatment
- Provides deep pore cleansing, which reduces the appearance of acne, brown spots and other imperfections
- Safe and recommended for all skin types and colors
- Non-time-consuming (can be easily performed during lunch break)
- Visible results can be observed even after the first treatment session
- The complexion becomes more even, a few treatments are enough to eliminate the appearance of dark spots, acne scars, brown patches
- Evens out skin texture by removing uppermost skin layer and unclogging the pores
- Increases blood flow in the facial skin, thus delivering oxygen and nutrients to the cells while removing waste products